What Causes Heel Pain, Treatment and Care
The pain on the heel is often prompted by pressure exerted on plantar fascia, sometimes this condition is also known as heel spur syndrome because the spur is present, it is also important to note that heel pain can also result from a stress fracture, arthritis, tendonitis, or on a rare case a cyst. Because there a numerous possible reasons one experience pain on the heel, it is a good thing to look for a reputable and experienced ankle surgeon to properly examine you for proper diagnoses, a good ankle surgeon can identify all possibilities and determine the source of your heel pain. Only a few people know about plantar fasciitis, it is swelling of the plantar fascia that link the heel to toes, the heel pain occurs when fascia is irritated and then inflamed leading to sharp, stabbing pain on the heel. This article outlines some causes symptoms, diagnosis, and current non-surgical treatment of heel pain.
The primary cause of plantar fasciitis is poor foot structure, this is observed in people with flat feet, abnormal arched feet, or people with arches problems, plantar fasciitis can also develop because of using poor shoes on rigid flat surfaces because they put excessive pressure on the band tissue leading to plantar fasciitis, this is normally seen in people with a job that demand long hours of standing or obese people.
Some main telltale signs of plantar fasciitis are pain from beneath the heel, and from the arch, the pain increases on standing and continues to worsen over time, the pain normally worsens on standing after sitting for a good number of hours, but the pain disappears after a small walk, the reason is that walking helps in stretching the plantar fascia.
Diagnosis of plantar fasciitis is arrived at after foot and ankle surgeon examines a patient foot and during the process rule out all other types of heel pain, however, before a final diagnosis is made the surgeon will first obtain your medical history, to pinpoint the type of heel pain a patient has, the doctor may use imaging diagnostic such as x-rays, there are some cases where patients with plantar fasciitis have been found to have heel spurs, this is a rare thing but it happens, in such case, the patient is diagnosed with plantar fasciitis or heel spur syndrome.
Some of the non-surgical treatment available to manage or treat plantar fasciitis includes stretches of calf muscles, avoiding walking barefoot, use ice, 20 min daily to reduce inflammation, you can use medications such as oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and use shoes that are designed with supportive arch.